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What is health expenditure?

 

“Health spending measures the final consumption of health care goods and services (i.e. current health expenditure) including personal health care (curative care, rehabilitative care, long-term care, ancillary services and medical goods) and collective services (prevention and public health services as well as health ..” https://data.oecd.org/healthres/health-spending.htm#:~:text=Health%20spending%20measures%20the%20final,services%20as%20well%20as%20health

 

What is health expenditure per capita?

 

“Health expenditure per capita. The amount that each country spends on health, for both individual and collective services, and how this changes over time can be the result of a wide array of social and eco- nomic factors, as well as the financing and organisational structures of a country’s health system.”https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/docserver/health_glance-2015-59-en.pdf?expires=1591385806&id=id&accname=guest&checksum=3BAA625190E7FE5EBB831FADA020FB68

 

What is private health expenditure?

 

“Private sector expenditure comprises the outlays of insurers and third-party payers other than social security, mandated and voluntary employer health services and other enterprises provided health services, non-profit institutions and non-governmental organisations (such as Red Cross) financed health.” https://gateway.euro.who.int/en/indicators/hfa_574-6732-private-sector-expenditure-on-health-as-of-total-health-expenditure-who-estimates/#:~:text=Private%20sector%20expenditure%20comprises%20the,as%20Red%20Cross)%20financed%20health

 

What is Diptheria?

 

“an acute and highly contagious bacterial disease causing inflammation of the mucous membranes, formation of a false membrane in the throat which hinders breathing and swallowing, and potentially fatal heart and nerve damage by a bacterial toxin in the blood. It is now rare in developed countries owing to immunization” https://www.lexico.com/en/definition/diphtheria

 

What is Rubella?

 

“Rubella (German measles) is a rare illness that causes a spotty rash. It usually gets better in about 1 week. It can be serious if you get it when you’re pregnant.” https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/rubella/

 

What is Measles?

 

“Measles is a highly infectious viral illness that can be very unpleasant and sometimes lead to serious complications” https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/measles/

 

What is Leprosy?

 

“Leprosy, also known as Hansen’s disease, is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. The disease mainly affects the skin, the peripheral nerves, mucosal surfaces of the upper respiratory tract and the eyes. ” https://www.who.int/lep/disease/en/#:~:text=Leprosy%2C%20also%20known%20as%20Hansen’s,infancy%20to%20very%20old%20age.

 

What is Mumps?

 

“Mumps is a contagious viral infection that used to be common in children before the introduction of the MMR vaccine.” https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/mumps/

 

What is Tuberculosis?

 

“Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by bacteria that are spread through the air from person to person. If not treated properly, TB disease can be fatal. People infected with TB bacteria who are not sick can take medication to prevent TB disease from developing in the future.” https://www.cdc.gov/features/tbsymptoms/index.html#:~:text=Tuberculosis%20(TB)%20is%20a%20disease,from%20developing%20in%20the%20future.

 

What is Yellow Fever?

 

“Yellow fever is a serious infection spread by mosquitoes. It’s found in parts of Africa, South America, Central America and Trinidad in the Caribbean. There’s a vaccine that can stop you getting yellow fever if you’re travelling to an area where the infection is found.” https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/yellow-fever/#:~:text=Yellow%20fever%20is%20a%20serious,where%20the%20infection%20is%20found.

 

What is Cholera?

 

“Cholera is an acute diarrhoeal infection caused by ingestion of food or water contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio choleraeCholera remains a global threat to public health and an indicator of inequity and lack of social development” https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/cholera#:~:text=Cholera%20is%20an%20acute%20diarrhoeal%20infection%20caused%20by%20ingestion%20of,and%20lack%20of%20social%20development.

 

What is Polio?

 

“Polio, or poliomyelitis, is a disabling and life-threatening disease caused by the poliovirus. The virus spreads from person to person and can infect a person’s spinal cord, causing paralysis (can’t move parts of the body” https://www.cdc.gov/polio/what-is-polio/index.htm#:~:text=Polio%2C%20or%20poliomyelitis%2C%20is%20a,move%20parts%20of%20the%20body).

 

What is HIV?

 

“The human immunodeficiency viruses are two species of Lentivirus that infect humans. Over time, they cause acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, a condition in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HIV

 

What is Immunisation?

 

“Immunization. Immunization is the process whereby a person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, typically by the administration of a vaccine. Vaccines stimulate the body’s own immune system to protect the person against subsequent infection or disease.” https://www.who.int/topics/immunization/en/

 

What is diabetes?

 

“DiabetesDiabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person’s blood sugar level to become too high. There are 2 main types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes – where the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin. type 2 diabetes – where the body does not produce enough insulin, or the body’s cells do not react “insulin https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/diabetes/#:~:text=Diabetes,the%20cells%20that%20produce%20insulin

 

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