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What is  Co2 emission?

 

“Carbon dioxide emissions or CO2 emissions are emissions stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement; they include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels as well as gas flaring.” https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Glossary:Carbon_dioxide_emissions#:~:text=Carbon%20dioxide%20emissions%20or%20CO,as%20well%20as%20gas%20flaring.

 

What is CO2 Intensity?

 

“An emission intensity (also carbon intensity, C.I.) is the emission rate of a given pollutant relative to the intensity of a specific activity, or an industrial production process; for example grams of carbon dioxide released per megajoule of energy produced, or the ratio of greenhouse gas emissions produced to gross ..” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emission_intensity#:~:text=An%20emission%20intensity%20(also%20carbon,gas%20emissions%20produced%20to%20gross

 

What is CO2 emission from solid fuels?

 

“Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.” https://www.indexmundi.com/facts/indicators/EN.ATM.CO2E.SF.ZS#:~:text=Definition%3A%20Carbon%20dioxide%20emissions%20from,coal%20as%20an%20energy%20source.

 

What is Co2 emission from liquid fuel?

 

 “Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.” https://www.indexmundi.com/facts/indicators/EN.ATM.CO2E.LF.KT

 

What is agricultural methane emission?

 

“The biggest source of agricultural methane emissions is enteric fermentation, which is the digestive process by which microbes in the guts of ruminant livestock break down plant matter, enabling it to be absorbed into the animals’ bloodstream, and producing methane as a by-product.” https://foodsource.org.uk/building-blocks/agricultural-methane-and-its-role-greenhouse-gas#:~:text=The%20biggest%20source%20of%20agricultural,methane%20as%20a%20by%2Dproduct.

 

What is  nitrous oxide emission?

 

“Nitrous oxide is emitted from wastewater that contains nitrogen-based organic materials, such as those found in human or animal waste. Factors that influence the amount of nitrous oxide generated from wastewater include temperature, acidity, biochemical oxygen demand, and nitrogen concentration. ” https://www.eia.gov/environment/emissions/ghg_report/ghg_nitrous.php

 

What is methane emission?

 

“Global methane emissions are major part of global greenhouse gas emissions. Methane in the atmosphere has an estimated 100-year global warming potential of 34, meaning that a ton of methane emitted into the atmosphere creates approximately 34 times the atmospheric warming as a ton of carbon dioxide over a period of 100 years.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methane_emissions

 

What is greenhouse gas emission?

 

“Greenhouse gas, any gas that has the property of absorbing infrared radiation (net heat energy) emitted from Earth’s surface and reradiating it back to Earth’s surface, thus contributing to the greenhouse effect. Carbon dioxide, methane, and water vapour are the most important greenhouse gases.” https://www.britannica.com/science/greenhouse-gas#:~:text=Greenhouse%20gas%2C%20any%20gas%20that,the%20most%20important%20greenhouse%20gases.

 

What is HFC gas?

 

“Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) are a group of industrial chemicals primarily used for cooling and refrigeration. HFCs were developed to replace stratospheric ozone-depleting substances that are currently being phased out under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer” https://www.ccacoalition.org/en/slcps/hydrofluorocarbons-hfc#:~:text=Hydrofluorocarbons%20(HFCs)%20are%20a%20group,that%20Deplete%20the%20Ozone%20Layer.

 

What is PFC gas?

 

“PFC (Perfluorocarbon) gases such as CF3, C2F6, C4F8 and CHF3 are used as cleaning agents for dry-edging and CVD equipment, a critical process in the manufacturing of semiconductors. PFC gases are recognized as global warming, or, ‘greenhouse’ gases and there is an urgent need to control further emission of these gases”  https://jascoinc.com/applications/industrial-gas-analysis-system-pfc-gas-analysis/#:~:text=PFC%20(Perfluorocarbon)%20gases%20such%20as,further%20emission%20of%20these%20gases.

 

What is SF6 gas?

 

“Sulfur hexafluoride (SF6): global environmental effects and toxic byproduct formation. … It is a potent greenhouse gas with a high global warming potential, and its concentration in the earth atmosphere is rapidly increasing.” https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10680375/#:~:text=Sulfur%20hexafluoride%20(SF6)%3A%20global%20environmental%20effects%20and%20toxic%20byproduct%20formation.,-Dervos%20CT(1&text=It%20is%20a%20potent%20greenhouse,earth%20atmosphere%20is%20rapidly%20increasing.

 

What is fossil fuel?

 

“A fossil fuel is a fuel formed by natural processes, such as anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms, containing organic molecules originating in ancient photosynthesis that release energy in combustion.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fossil_fuel

 

What does PM10, country level mean?

 

“Particulate matter concentrations refer to fine suspended particulates less than 10 microns in diameter (PM10) that are capable of penetrating deep into the respiratory tract and causing significant health damage.”  https://knoema.com/atlas/topics/Environment/Emissions/PM10-country-level#:~:text=What%20is%20PM10%2C%20country%20level,and%20causing%20significant%20health%20damage.

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