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Energy production: What is energy production?


“Energy development is the field of activities focused on obtaining sources of energy from natural resources. These activities include production of conventional, alternative and renewable sources of energy, and for the recovery and reuse of energy that would otherwise be wasted”


Energy generation: What is energy generation?


“Electricity generation is the process of generating electric power from sources of primary energy. For utilities in the electric power industry”


Energy Intensity? What is energy intensity?


“Energy intensity is a measure of the energy inefficiency of an economy. It is calculated as units of energy per unit of GDP. High energy intensities indicate a high price or cost of converting energy into GDP. Low energy intensity indicates a lower price or cost of converting energy into GDP.”


What is CO2 emission(Carbon dioxide emission)?


“Carbon dioxide emissions or CO2 emissions are emissions stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement; they include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels as well as gas flaring.”


What is fossil fuel electricity net generation?


“Fossil fuel power plants burn coal or oil to create heat which is in turn used to generate steam to drive turbines which generate electricity. … In 2017, fossil fuels generated 64.5% of electricity worldwide. These plants generate electricity reliably over long periods of time, and are generally cheap to build.”


What is nuclear electricity net generation?


“Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reactions that release nuclear energy to generate heat, which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power plant. … Presently, the vast majority of electricity from nuclear power is produced by nuclear fission of uranium and plutonium.”


What is hydroelectricity generation?


“Hydroelectricity is electricity produced from hydropower. In 2015, hydropower generated 16.6% of the world’s total electricity and 70% of all renewable electricity, and was expected to increase by about 3.1% each year for the next 25 years”


What is geothermal electricity generation


“Geothermal power is power generated by geothermal energy. Technologies in use include dry steam power stations, flash steam power stations and binary cycle power stations. Geothermal electricity generation is currently used in 26 countries, while geothermal heating is in use in 70 countries.”


What is wind electricity generation?


“Wind energy is a form of solar energyWind energy (or wind power) describes the process by which wind is used to generate electricityWind turbines convert the kinetic energy in the wind into mechanical power. A generator can convert mechanical power into electricity.”


What is biomass electricity generation


“Biomass power is carbon neutral electricity generated from renewable organic waste that would otherwise be dumped in landfills, openly burned, or left as fodder for forest fires. When burned, the energy in biomass is released as heat.”


What is electricity consumption?


“In electrical engineering, power consumption refers to the electrical energy per unit time, supplied to operate something, such as a home appliance. Power consumption is usually measured in units of watts (W) or kilowatts (kW). The energy used by equipment is always more than the energy really needed.”


What is natural gas production?


“In the United States and in a few other countries, natural gas is produced from shale and other types of sedimentary rock formations by forcing water, chemicals, and sand down a well under high pressure.”


What is coal production?


“Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground. Coal is valued for its energy content and since the 1880s, has been widely used to generate electricity. Steel and cement industries use coal as a fuel for extraction of iron from iron ore and for cement production”


What is lignite coal production?


“The operation of traditional brown-coal plants, particularly in combination with strip mining”


What is bituminous coal production?


“Bituminous coal or black coal is a relatively soft coal containing a tarlike substance called bitumen or asphalt. It is of higher quality than lignite coal but of poorer quality than anthracite. Formation is usually the result of high pressure being exerted on lignite.”


What is crude oil production?


“Crude oil production is defined as the quantities of oil extracted from the ground after the removal of inert matter or impurities. It includes crude oil, natural gas liquids (NGLs) and additives. … NGLs are the liquid or liquefied hydrocarbons produced in the manufacture, purification and stabilisation of natural gas.”


What is jet fuel ?


“Jet fuel, aviation turbine fuel, or avtur, is a type of aviation fuel designed for use in aircraft powered by gas-turbine engines. It is colorless to straw-colored in appearance”


What is gasoline ?


“Gasoline is made from crude oil. The crude oil pumped out of the ground is a black liquid called petroleum. … This is what happens in an oil refinery — crude oil is heated and the different chains are pulled out by their vaporization temperatures.”


What is kerosene production?


“Kerosene is a flammable liquid mixture of chemicals that are produced in the distillation of crude oil. To produce kerosene, crude oil is distilled in a distillation tower in a process similar to that used to produce diesel and gasoline.”


What is biofuel production?


“A biofuel is a fuel that is produced through contemporary processes from biomass, rather than a fuel produced by the very slow geological processes involved in the formation of fossil fuels, such as oil. … The word biofuel is usually reserved for liquid or gaseous fuels, used for transportation.”


What is biodiesel production?


“Biodiesel production is the process of producing the biofuel, biodiesel, through the chemical reactions of transesterification and esterification. This involves vegetable or animal fats and oils being reacted with short-chain alcohols. The alcohols used should be of low molecular weight”


What is fuel ethanol production?


“Ethanol fuel is ethyl alcohol, the same type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages, used as fuel. It is most often used as a motor fuel, mainly as a biofuel additive for gasoline”


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